How To Determine Your Skin Type ? Normal, Oily, Dry, Sensitive or Combination
The skin is an important and crucial segment of the body. It not only determines your beauty but also plays an important role in your overall health. This is why young girls and adults alike tend to take more notice and care of this aspect of their bodies.
There are 5 skin types namely – normal, sensitive, oily,dry, and combination skin types. We shall try to cover each of these types in details so you can have a better idea as to what your skin type is.
The Skin Types
1. Normal Skin Type
With a normal skin type the face is fresh, clean and radiant. It does not get affected too much by the weather or the time of the day. It is not too oily and not too dry. The normal skin type is also not prone to frequent breakdowns. After cleansing your face, you will appear clear and clean. There is very little need for moisturizers.
2. Oily Skin Type
With this, the face is shiny throughout the day. White heads, clogged pores, black heads, and acne on most parts of the face could be a normal feature of this skin type. Your face might feel moist, greasy as well as coarse to the touch. You will notice it is more susceptible to breakouts and acne. After cleansing, you will feel clean and oil free but shortly afterwards, the oiliness returns.
3. Combination Skin Type
This is a combination of oiliness and dryness. Some parts of the skin would be oily while other parts may appear to be dry. The nose as well as the forehead would be shiny and oily, whereas all the other areas of your face would be clear. You may observe localized dry patches. This skin type changes with the weather. After cleansing, you will feel clean and refreshed.
4. Dry Skin Type
With a dry skin, your skin will feel tight, flashy and dry. This type is prone to wrinkling as well as aging and irritation. One way to differentiate it with sensitive skin types, which is similar, is that after applying skin products the dry skin type does not produce redness. After cleansing, you will feel taut and dehydrated.
5. Sensitive Skin Type
The sensitive type of skin will normally feel rough and dry in the afternoons and night times. As the name implies, the skin is easily provoked to irritation and flushing or rashes and red patches. If you apply skin products, it will usually result in itchiness and a feeling of tingling. After cleansing, you will be clean and dry for some time but then followed by irritation.
How To Determine The Skin Type ?
1. Blotting Paper Test
When you go to sleep, wash your face nicely and go to sleep but ensure you have not applied any make up. In the morning, using separate blotting papers for the different areas, wipe gently the T zone ( forehead, nose and chin ) as well as under the eyes, cheeks and the jaw area. The oily skin type will show excessive levels of oiliness in most, if not all, areas while the normal skin types will have average oiliness in all the areas. Dry/sensitive skin types will have close to no oil in the areas tested and the combination skin type will show the oiliness in some areas only, while in the rest nothing will be seen.
2. Visual Examination
After your normal washing up of the morning, carry out normal work as usual. At midday, examine your before a mirror. If it is shinier and comparatively looks oilier, then your skin is oily type. If only the T-zone is oily, most likely you have a combination skin type. If you have a normal skin type, then compared to what it was in the morning, it should have undergone very little change. Should you notice any dry patches, redness and little peeling, then the skin type is dry/sensitive.
3. Touch Test
After your morning wash up, carry out your normal duties and at midday, touch and feel the different areas of the face. If the T-zone and the other areas of the face feel moist and oily, the skin type is oil type. If the T-zone as well as the chin and the nose areas are moist while other areas feel more dry and rough to the touch, then your skin type should be dry/combination type. If your whole face feels moisturized and supple , you are having a normal skin type and if you are having a dry/sensitive skin, a slight exposure to the elements outdoors will give you a stinging feeling or red patches will appear on the skin.
4. Application Of A Moisturizer
This is based on the frequency of usage of moisturizers by you. The following is a guideline, which generally indicates the particular skin type.
The dry skin type needs moisturizers throughout the day. The sensitive skin-type uses moisturizers frequently, but their problem is finding the appropriate product. The normal skin type does not need moisturizers throughout the day as the skin appears to be moisturized on its own! The oily skin type will have an oilier complexion after using a moisturizer while the dry skin needs it throughout the day.
Knowing your skin-type is not only a matter of personal identity, it is also crucial in deciding the kind and amount of moisturizer to apply on your body. But even before you get there, experts recommend constant dehydration so as to keep the skin in peak performance.